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Creek Texts by Mary R. Haas and James H. Hill

edited and translated by Jack B. Martin, Margaret McKane Mauldin, and Juanita McGirt

When Dr. Mary R. Haas died in 1996, she left behind several thousand pages of notes and texts in the Creek (Muskogee) language collected in Oklahoma from 1936 to 1940. The majority of the texts come from the unpublished writings of James H. Hill of Eufaula, an especially knowledgeable elder who composed texts for Dr. Haas using the standard Creek alphabet. Twelve other speakers served as sources for dictated texts.

We would like to thank the National Endowment for the Humanities for supporting this project. We are also grateful to the late Mary R. Haas and the American Philosophical Society for allowing us to publish these materials. J. Michael McCarty made many of the recordings.

The texts below are a selection of those in the Haas and Hill collection. The recordings are by Margaret McKane Mauldin in mp3 format.

Rabbit and the Tar-baby, by Arthur E. Raiford | PDF

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Poisoning Fish, by Arthur E. Raiford | PDF

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Story of Raiford’s Father, by Arthur E. Raiford | PDF

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Origin of the Sapiya, by J. Hill | PDF

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Uses of the Sapiya, by J. Hill | PDF

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The Origin of Corn, by J. Hill | PDF

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In the Land of the Indian, by J. Hill | PDF

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The Owl and the Dog, by J. Hill | PDF

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The Mice Plot Against the Cat, by J. Hill | PDF

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A Mouse Deceives a Cat, by J. Hill | PDF

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The Lion and the Frog, by J. Hill | PDF

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About the Customs of Conjurers, by A. E. Raiford | PDF

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The Fearless Terrapin, by J. Hill | PDF

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Ways of Preparing Corn, by J. Hill | PDF

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How Deer Fooled Rabbit, by T. Marshall | PDF

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The Effect of the Civil War on the Indians, by J. Hill | PDF

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The Lion and the Little Girl, by Tucker Marshall | PDF

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A Note on Creek Leaders, by I. Field | PDF

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A Visit of the Shawnee, by I. Field | PDF

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Belief About the Ehosa, by I. Field | PDF

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How a Chief Used to Talk to his Citizens, by I. Field | PDF

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The Boy who Turned into a Snake, by I. Field | PDF

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The Orphan Boy who became Thunder, by I. Field | PDF

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Origin of the Spokokaki, by Paskofa | PDF

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About Creek and Cherokee Towns, by J. Hill | PDF

About the Loyal Creeks, by Jim Bullet | PDF

Autobiography, by J. Hill | PDF

Ball Game between the Birds and the Animals, by J. Hill | PDF

Bat and the Ball Game, by Daniel Cook | PDF

Creek Clans and Kinship, by J. Hill | PDF

Description of Hilabi Roundhouse, by J. Hill | PDF

How Terrapin Got a Cracked Shell, by J. Hill | PDF

How to Tame a Fawn, by J. Hill | PDF

Pottery Making, by J. Hill | PDF

Prayer, by J. Hill | PDF

Scalp-Taking, by J. Hill | PDF

Story about Alligator, Beaver, Bird Clans, by J. Hill | PDF

Story about the Ancients in Olden Times, by J. Hill | PDF

The Comanches and the Creeks, by J. Hill | PDF

The Inter-Town Ball Game, by J. Hill | PDF

Old Time Law, by J. Hill | PDF

The Origin of Corn, by J. Marshall | PDF

The Stars, by J. Hill | PDF

The Tasks of Rabbit, by J. Marshall | PDF

The Wise Old Dog, by Adam Grayson | PDF

Advice to Young Men, by J. Hill | PDF

Advice to Young Women, by J. Hill | PDF

Women’s Rules, by J. Hill | PDF

Childbirth, by J. Hill | PDF

Various Games, by J. Hill | PDF